Offshore 0–8 hour Forecasts for Aviation
This presentation will describe the development of a deterministic aviation forecast that expands the current FAA 0-8 hour forecast to include the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, and Western Atlantic. The offshore forecast contains four primary components: an analysis, a numerical weather prediction model, an extrapolation of the analysis, and a merging of the extrapolation and numerical model. The analysis uses lightning, satellite, and numerical model output to create radar-like Vertically-Integrated Liquid (VIL) and Echo Top (ET) heights in offshore regions where there is an absence of radar data. This radar-like analysis is combined with VIL and ET from radar near the coast. The lightning data used in this effort is from the Earth Networks Global Lightning Network and the numerical model used is NOAA's 13 km Rapid Refresh (RAP) model. The VIL and ET analyses are extrapolated and merged with the RAP model to create offshore 0-8 hour forecasts. This presentation will describe the technique and present results from this effort to expand deterministic aviation forecasts for offshore air traffic management.