Airborne Weather Observation Applications and Benefits Assessment for Air Traffic Management
The nature of NextGen operations requires a change in the way weather is collected, analyzed, predicted, and integrated into aviation decision-making. Aircraft airborne weather observation programs (e.g., Meteorological Data and Collecting Report System) offer rich meteorological data which could potentially be an asset to ATM for both NowGen and NextGen operations. In order to advance the use of this data within the Federal Aviation Administration, quality of service (e.g., latency, accuracy, reliability) requirements must be established for each ATM application of airborne observation information. This paper will describe the efforts taken to map airborne observations to ATM applications and identify operational enhancement opportunities which support current and future airborne observation requirements. Given these identified opportunities, use case benefits scenarios for ATM utilization of aircraft airborne observation data will be described and quantified through the use of a fast-time air traffic simulation model.