Observations of Evapotranspiration in the Russian River basin, California
Evapotranspiration is a crucial process that must be accounted for in hydrological modeling. Evapotranspiration is controlled by both surface meteorological forcing, canopy, and soil water storage. Thus, is advantageous to have collocated in-situ observations of net radiation, sensible, latent, and ground heat fluxes when evaluating hydrological models. The HMT program recently added such observing capability to one of the observing sites located near the headwaters of the Austin Creek tributary of the Russian River. The site is located 15 km northwest of Cazadero, CA.
Beginning in May 2012 soil moisture and temperature probes were added at depths of 5, 20, 50 and 100 cm. Probes at 10 and 15 cm have been in place since December 2008. A sonic anemometer, and fast response gas analyzer were installed at the 9-m level of a tall tower. A suite of radiometers capable of making high-accuracy surface radiative flux observations became operational, in addition to ground heat flux plates.
In this paper we will present the results of three years of evapotranspiration measurements in the Austin Creek sub basin and compare them with the estimates of evapotranspiration used in the HL-RDHM simulations over the same time period.
Key Words: evapotranspiration, soil moisture, distributed hydrologic modeling, Russian River basin, surface energy balance