9.3 Localizing the Impact of Satellite Radiances Using a Global Group Ensemble Filter

Thursday, 14 January 2016: 11:30 AM
Room 345 ( New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center)
Lili Lei, University of Colorado/CIRES, Boulder, CO; and J. S. Whitaker

The concepts of location and separation from a gridpoint model variable are not well defined for non-local observations like satellite radiances, so localizing radiance observations is not straightforward. A global group filter (GGF) is applied here to estimate vertical localization functions for radiance observations being assimilated for global numerical weather prediction. As an extension of the hierarchical ensemble filter, the GGF uses groups of climatological ensemble perturbations to provide an estimated localization function that reduces the erroneous increments due to ensemble correlation sampling error.

Results from an ideal simulation with known background-error covariances show that the GGF localization function is superior to the optimal Gaspari and Cohn (GC) localization function. Using the output of an ensemble simulation from the NCEP Global Forecast System (GFS) and the NOAA operational EnKF, the localization function for each channel of the AMSU-A radiances is computed by GGF. The GGF localization functions vary from channels, and are generally proportional to the absolute value of the mean sample correlations. When a prominent negative correlation occurs, a local maximum localization value is obtained, resulting in a localization function with multiple local maxima. These results indicate the complexity and large computational cost to tune the localization for the radiances. By implementing the GGF localization function in a subsequent experiment, verifications in both observation and model spaces suggest that GGF localization generally produces smaller error than GC localization, and these advantages persist through 120h forecast lead time.

- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner