6B.1 Interannual Variability of the Madden-Julian Oscillation and Its Impact on the North Atlantic Oscillation in the Boreal Winter

Tuesday, 12 January 2016: 3:30 PM
La Nouvelle A ( New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center)
Hai Lin, EC, Dorval, QC, Canada; and G. Brunet and B. Yu

Interannual variability of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) and its influence on the extratropical teleconnection are analyzed. It is found that there is an interannual shift of the MJO activity between the Indian Ocean and the western central Pacific. This is reflected by the year-to-year changes in the occurrence frequency of individual MJO phases. The leading mode of an empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis of occurrence frequency of MJO phases shows an out-of-phase relationship between MJO phase 7 and phases 3-5. During winters when the MJO convection occurs more frequently in the Indian Ocean (phases 3-5), a winter-mean positive North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) tends to occur. These results indicate that the seasonal mean convection activity over the Indian Ocean related to the MJO is a possible driving forcing for the seasonal mean NAO variability in the boreal winter.
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