Tuesday, 24 January 2017: 4:30 PM
609 (Washington State Convention Center )
The "wet gets wetter, dry gets drier" paradigm explains the expected moistening of the extratropics and drying of the subtropics as the atmospheric moisture content increases with global warming. Here, we show, using precipitation minus evaporation (P - E) data from climate models, that it cannot be extended to apply regionally to deviations from the zonal mean. Wet and dry zones shift substantially in response to shifts in the stationary-eddy circulations that cause them. Additionally, atmospheric circulation changes lead to a smaller increase in the zonal variance of P - E than would be expected from atmospheric moistening alone. The P - E variance change can be split into dynamic and thermodynamic components through an analysis of the atmospheric moisture budget. This reveals that a weakening of stationary-eddy circulations and changes in the zonal variation of transient-eddy moisture fluxes moderate the strengthening of the zonally anomalous hydrological cycle with global warming.
In order to understand the mechanisms for these changes in stationary-eddy circulations, we examine the climate change response of stationary eddies in idealized GCM experiments with simple zonal asymmetries: a midlatitude Gaussian mountain and a zonally anomalous ocean heating pattern in the tropics. Through an analysis of the atmospheric energy budget in these experiments, we explain the different mechanisms responsible for their responses to global warming. Through this work we lay out a framework for understanding changes in the zonally anomalous hydrological cycle in terms of changes in zonal-mean climate.
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