7.1 Evaluating and Extending the Ocean Wind Climate Data Record

Tuesday, 24 January 2017: 4:00 PM
607 (Washington State Convention Center )
Frank J. Wentz, Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA; and L. Ricciardulli and R. N. Hoffman

Satellite microwave sensors, both active scatterometers and passive radiometers, have been systematically measuring near-surface ocean winds for nearly 40 years, establishing an important legacy in studying and monitoring weather and climate variability. As an aid to such activities, the various wind datasets are being intercalibrated and merged into consistent climate data records (CDRs). The Ocean Wind CDRs (OW-CDRs) are evaluated by comparisons with ocean buoys and intercomparisons among the different satellite sensors and among the different data providers. Extending the OW-CDR into the future requires exploiting all available datasets, such as OSCAT-2 scheduled to launch in September 2016. Three planned methods of calibrating the OSCAT-2 σo measurements include 1) direct Ku-band σo intercalibration to QuikScat and RapidSat, 2) multi-sensor wind speed intercalibration, and 3) calibration to stable rainforest targets. RapidScat provides unique and valuable information to the OW-CDRs, including the OSCAT-2 calibration since RapidScat is the only vector wind sensor that views the ocean throughout the complete 24-hour diurnal cycle. A particular future continuity concern is the absence of scheduled new or continuation radiometer missions capable of measuring wind speed. Specialized model assimilations provide 30-year long high temporal/spatial resolution wind vector grids that composite the satellite wind information from OW-CDRs of multiple satellites viewing the Earth at different local times.
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