652 Primary Results from the Measurement of Nature Ice Nuclear Particles during 2017 Spring in Beijing, China

Tuesday, 9 January 2018
Exhibit Hall 3 (ACC) (Austin, Texas)
Yunfei Che, Key Laboratory for Cloud Physics, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China; and J. Dang, W. Fang, and Y. Qian

The ice nuclear particles (INPs) play a critical role in weather modification in mixed-phase clouds (MPCs) because ice can influence the supercooled liquid water content through the Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen process. The fundamental desire to understand ice nucleation is the same as when such research began in earnest more than 60 years ago while the first cloud seeding activity began and enhanced from the last decade by climate change researches. The primary INPs sources, both from natural and anthropogenic, may be change a lot for decades. The purpose of this paper is to get the new background information of INPs and comparing with historical data.

The INPs concentrations were observed twice a day(9:00 am and 14:00 pm) in Beijing from Mar. 20 to Apr. 19, 2017 using the 5 Litters Bigg’s mixing cloud chamber. The method, time and sites of the observation are basically the same with the experiment at year 1963, 1995 and 1996. Compared with the previous observations, the observed activation temperature -10℃ is added, besides the -15℃, -20℃, -25℃, -30℃.

The results show that the INPs concentrations at the different activation temperatures have good consistency trend as diurnal variation. This is consistent with the observations in 1963, 1995 and 1996. The INPs concentrations in this observation are higher than the result in 1963, but obviously lower than 1995 and 1996. It shows that natural changes and human activities in the past 20 years did not significantly increase the INPs concentration. During the observation period, there were weak precipitations in four days (Mar. 20, Mar. 22, Mar. 23, Mar.24), the INPs concentrations tended to decrease in the intermittent precipitation from Mar. 20 to Mar. 25. This shows that the precipitations have effect on the removal of ice nuclei.

The visibility sensor was also synchronized observed in this work. There was clearly an inverse correlation between INPs concentration and visibility with the diurnal variation. The correlation coefficient between INPs concentration at -25℃ and visibility is -0.51. Fog-haze weather has occurred many times during the observation period. And in the no precipitation weather, the visibility is directly affected by the severity of fog-haze. The result shows that the more severe fog-haze, the higher INPs concentration.

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