The INPs concentrations were observed twice a day(9:00 am and 14:00 pm) in Beijing from Mar. 20 to Apr. 19, 2017 using the 5 Litters Bigg’s mixing cloud chamber. The method, time and sites of the observation are basically the same with the experiment at year 1963, 1995 and 1996. Compared with the previous observations, the observed activation temperature -10℃ is added, besides the -15℃, -20℃, -25℃, -30℃.
The results show that the INPs concentrations at the different activation temperatures have good consistency trend as diurnal variation. This is consistent with the observations in 1963, 1995 and 1996. The INPs concentrations in this observation are higher than the result in 1963, but obviously lower than 1995 and 1996. It shows that natural changes and human activities in the past 20 years did not significantly increase the INPs concentration. During the observation period, there were weak precipitations in four days (Mar. 20, Mar. 22, Mar. 23, Mar.24), the INPs concentrations tended to decrease in the intermittent precipitation from Mar. 20 to Mar. 25. This shows that the precipitations have effect on the removal of ice nuclei.
The visibility sensor was also synchronized observed in this work. There was clearly an inverse correlation between INPs concentration and visibility with the diurnal variation. The correlation coefficient between INPs concentration at -25℃ and visibility is -0.51. Fog-haze weather has occurred many times during the observation period. And in the no precipitation weather, the visibility is directly affected by the severity of fog-haze. The result shows that the more severe fog-haze, the higher INPs concentration.