12A.3 Atmospheric Infrared Sounder on NASA’s Aqua Satellite: Applications for Volcano Rapid Response, Influenza Outbreak Prediction, and Drought Onset Prediction

Thursday, 11 January 2018: 11:00 AM
406 (Hilton) (Austin, Texas)
Sharon Ray, JPL, Pasadena, CA; and E. J. Fetzer, B. Lambrigtsen, E. T. Olsen, S. Licata, J. Hall, P. Penteado, V. Realmuto, L. Chen, J. Teixeira, H. Thrastarson, S. Granger, A. Behrangi, A. Farahmand, and T. S. Pagano

The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) has been returning daily global observations of Earth's atmospheric constituents and properties since 2002. With its 15-year data record and near real-time capability, AIRS data are being used in the development of applications that fall within many of the NASA Applied Science focus areas. An automated alert system for volcanic plumes has been developed that triggers on threshold breaches of SO2, ash and dust in granules of AIRS data. The system generates a suite of granule-scale maps that depict both plume and clouds, all of which are accessible from the AIRS web site. Alerts are sent to a curated list of volcano community members, and links to views in NASA Worldview and Google Earth are also available. Seasonal influenza epidemics are major public health concern with millions of cases of severe illness and large economic impact. Recent studies have highlighted the role of absolute or specific humidity as a likely player in the seasonal nature of these outbreaks. A quasi-operational influenza outbreak prediction system has been developed based on the SIRS model (susceptible–infectious–recoverable–susceptible), with specific humidity as the model’s driver. The model uses AIRS and NCEP humidity data, Center for Disease Control reports on flu and flu-like illnesses, and results from Google Flu Trends. The US Drought Monitor (USDM) is generated weekly by the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) and is used by policymakers for drought decision-making. AIRS data have demonstrated utility in monitoring the development and detection of meteorological drought with both AIRS-derived standardized vapor pressure deficit and standardized relative humidity, showing early detection lead times of up to two months. An agreement was secured with the NDMC to begin a trial period using AIRS products in the production of the USDM, and in July of 2017 the operational delivery of weekly CONUS AIRS images of Relative Humidity, Surface Air Temperature, and Vapor Pressure Deficit to the National Drought Mitigation Center commenced. Next objectives include determining whether AIRS drought products can also be useful in the NDMC’s VegDRI and QuickDRI products. This talk will provide an overview of the work being done in these three application areas and summarize additional application efforts using data from AIRS.
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