1143 GES DISC Long-Term Data Analysis Services Using AIRS and CMS Methane Data as an Example

Wednesday, 10 January 2018
Exhibit Hall 3 (ACC) (Austin, Texas)
Jennifer Wei, GES DISC, Greenbelt, MD; and E. Sherman and D. Meyer

NASA Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC) archives and distributes rich collections of data on atmospheric greenhouse gases from multiple satellite missions and model results. Among those greenhouse gases, atmospheric methane is a powerful greenhouse gas contributing ~0.5 (W/m^2) to total radiative forcing and its concentration has increased by about 150% since 1750 (Dlugokencky et al., 2011). However, observations or estimates of methane emissions typically have sparse spatial and temporal coverage. The lack of comprehensive spatial and temporal coverage of methane source and sink observations has made analyzing atmospheric methane trends challenging.

In this study the GES DISC aims to provide the community with the resources to better understand changes in atmospheric methane concentrations and the underlying causes. We will utilize methane datasets from Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) retrieved methane concentration and three Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) methane emission datasets (in regions of North America, Canada, and Mexico) to compare AIRS methane growth with corresponding CMS regional methane emissions . Comparisons of AIRS methane growth rates and CMS methane emissions suggests wetland emissions may impact methane growth rate trends over North America. As the the record for CMS methane data is extended, both datasets can be used in conjunction to better understand impacts on atmospheric methane trends. GES DISC’s new anomaly tool can also be used on select datasets to further quantify trends in atmospheric greenhouse gases.

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