4.6 An OSSE Investigating a Constellation of 4–5-μm Infrared Sounders

Tuesday, 9 January 2018: 9:45 AM
Room 14 (ACC) (Austin, Texas)
Will McCarty, NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, MD; and J. Blaisdell, M. Cordero-Fuentes, D. Carvalho, M. Chattopadhyay, R. Errico, R. Gelaro, L. Kouvaris, I. Moradi, S. Pawson, N. Prive, M. Sienkiewicz, and J. Susskind

NASA is investigating the utility of a strategically-constructed constellation of infrared sounders onboard small satellites to be able to ultimately provide spaceborne measurements of wind. The method proposed by instrument teams is to fly multiple instruments in complementary orbits so that atmospheric motion vector measurements can be made. As part of the investigation of this measurement approach, the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center performed a set of Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) to demonstrate the value of the wind measurements as well as the corresponding infrared radiance observations that will come from the constellation. This work was an extension of the GMAO OSSE infrastructure and is in the context of the MISTIC(tm) Winds concept. It is noted, though, that this provided insight to the overall measurement strategy. This talk addresses the simulation of the atmospheric motion vectors retrieved via the constellation, the simulation and validation of the radiance observations measured via the constellation, the specification of observation errors for both winds and radiances, and the extension of the data assimilation system to utilize these additional observations on top of a full global observing system. Finally, the results from a set of OSSE experiments are presented.
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