3.5 Dependence of Aerosol Transport on Meteorological and Surface Properties within Tropical Sea Breeze Convection

Tuesday, 9 January 2018: 9:30 AM
Room 12A (ACC) (Austin, Texas)
Jungmin Minnie Park, Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO; and A. L. Igel and S. C. van den Heever

Sea breeze circulations are ubiquitous along the coastlines in the tropics and midlatitudes and operate on a diurnal time scale. These thermally-driven circulations represent boundary layer forcing that can initiate and support the development of deep convection. During the daytime, the sea-breeze front, which forms the leading edge of the sea breeze circulation, propagates inland from the coastline and can disperse local aerosol particles. Although sensitivities of sea breeze circulations to both individual environmental factors and factor interactions can be one of the critical clues to improve air quality forecasting, the dependence of sea breeze properties, such as intensity and spatial extent, to a variety of atmospheric and geophysical factors that coexist and interact with another has not been studied thoroughly yet. The goal of this research is therefore to assess the relative importance of various environmental factors as well as their nonlinear interactions, on aerosol transport resulting from tropical sea breeze convection.

To comprehensively address the goal for all possible environmental factor combinations at a lower computational expense, a synergistic use of idealized cloud-resolving model simulations and an advanced statistical algorithm has been made. In this study, six atmospheric factors including moisture, instability, and wind profiles and five geophysical factors including soil moisture, air-surface temperature difference, and latitude were considered. Through a Latin Hypercube sampling method which allows simultaneous variation of all the selected factors, 143 idealized simulations have been designed to investigate moist sea breeze convection over a coastal tropical rainforest. This is representative of equatorial coastal regions such as the coast of Cameroon. Using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS), all simulations have been performed in which combinations of the eleven environmental factors were perturbed.

Ultimately, regimes in which a subset of environmental factors exerts the largest and least control over the surface aerosol concentration ahead of and behind the sea-breeze front has been distinguished through variance-based sensitivity analysis. The results of this analysis will be presented. Mechanisms responsible for the redistribution of aerosol at each regime will also be demonstrated.

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