2.1 A First Summary of the Layered Atlantic Smoke Interactions with Clouds (LASIC) Campaign in the Remote Southeast Atlantic

Monday, 8 January 2018: 3:15 PM
Room 12A (ACC) (Austin, Texas)
Paquita Zuidema, Univ. of Miami/RSMAS, Miami, FL; and A. Adebiyi, A. C. Aiken, Y. Blanchard, V. Castro, J. Y. C. Chiu, B. Cunha, R. Delgadillo, C. J. Flynn, J. C. Hardin, B. M. Isom, P. Muradyan, K. Nitschke, L. Ramajiguru, L. D. Riihimaki, M. Ryczek, A. J. Sedlacek, S. Springston, J. Uin, J. Viegas, and J. Zhang

From June 1, 2016 through October 31, 2017, a DOE ARM Mobile Facility characterized the aerosol and cloud structure during two biomass-burning aerosol seasons to unprecedented detail over Ascension Island (14W, 8S), in the remote southeast Atlantic. The site is subject to the outflow of biomass-burning aerosol from continental Africa, over 1500 km away, from approximately July to November and is located within warm ocean waters that encourage deep boundary layers. Early findings indicate that smoke reaches the surface more often than not, at times reaching black carbon mass concentrations similar to those near fire sources on land, alternating occasionally with very clean surface conditions. The surface aerosol loading is not necessarily well-correlated with that in the free-troposphere, indicating distinct aerosol transport pathways. Aerosol layering is apparent in micropulse lidar data, with free-tropospheric aerosol, when present, typically in contact with the uppermost cloud layer. First estimates of the single-scattering-albedo, of approximately 0.85, appear to be remarkably consistent with estimates from airborne campaigns made elsewhere in the southeast Atlantic. The boundary layer is deeper when smoke is present near the surface and more well-mixed, with a stronger diurnal cycle in potential temperature indicating shortwave absorption. Cloudiness near the trade-wind inversion increases when smoke is present, while cloudiness changes at the lifting condensation level may reflect coincident meteorological changes. In summary the new observations indicate an aerosol-cloud regime that is extensive and with the potential to demonstrate unanticipated aerosol-cloud interactions.
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