1168 Advances in Satellite Remote Sensing of Particulate Air Pollution: From MISR to MAIA

Wednesday, 10 January 2018
Exhibit Hall 3 (ACC) (Austin, Texas)
David J. Diner, JPL/California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA; and K. A. Burke, F. Xu, M. J. Garay, O. V. Kalashnikova, Y. Liu, X. Meng, J. Wang, R. Martin, and B. Ostro

Airborne particulate matter (PM) is a well-known cause of cardiovascular and respiratory disease. To estimate human exposure to PM pollution, satellite instruments such as the Terra Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) and the Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) have been used in conjunction with surface monitors to map near-surface PM concentrations.

The relative toxicity of different size and compositional mixtures of PM is not well understood. To address this, we are developing the Multi-Angle Imager for Aerosols (MAIA) investigation. The satellite instrument extends MISR’s multiangular visible and near-infrared (VNIR) spectral coverage to 14 bands in the ultraviolet, VNIR, and shortwave IR; three of the bands are polarimetric to enhance sensitivity to aerosol size and composition. To constrain the retrievals, the observations will be combined with data from surface monitors and the WRF-Chem and GEOS-Chem chemical transport models. Existing surface PM speciation monitors will be supplemented by adding new stations to the Surface PARTiculate mAtter Network (SPARTAN).

Unlike MISR, MAIA is a targeting instrument. Primary areas of interest include metropolitan areas in North and South America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, India, and East Asia. PM retrieval algorithms are being developed using data from MISR and the high-altitude Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI). Epidemiologists on the MAIA science team will use the derived PM data products and birth, death, and hospital records to investigate adverse health impacts of different types of airborne particulates.

MAIA’s earliest possible launch date is mid-2020, making it possible for the data to be complemented by global observations from Terra as well as high temporal resolution atmospheric chemistry measurements from TEMPO (Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring Pollution), GEMS (Geostationary Environment Monitoring Spectrometer), and Sentinel-4.

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