The ensembles provide a range of scenarios with differences in the initiation time of convection and the location of rainfall features. While the different science configurations have differences in the details of features (e.g. rainfall features in one configuration tend to be larger and more intense than those in another), the location appears to be controlled by the driving ensemble. This suggests that subtle differences in synoptic-scale features may have a substantial impact at the meso- and convective scales, which here manifests as positional and timing errors in the simulated convective storms.
All of the 2.2km simulations were found to have less CIN than the observed soundings. The CIN was found to be independent of the science configuration implying it is determined by the global model. The structure of the CIN layer is believed to play an important role in modulating the timing, location, and incidence of convective initiation. The member which produced the best simulation of the supercells which developed over Oklahoma on this day had more CIN than the other members which allowed convection to initiate later and CAPE to build up. However, comparisons with surface station data found that this member was too warm and too dry. This suggests there are compensating errors in the factors controlling initiation in these models which comparisons with observations as described here can help ellucidate.