150 Multi-Scale Predictability Aspects of Superstorm Sandy

Thursday, 3 April 2014
Golden Ballroom (Town and Country Resort )
James D. Doyle, NRL, Monterey, CA; and J. R. Moskaitis, P. A. Reinecke, C. M. Amerault, and R. H. Langland

It has been suggested in a number of previous studies that the intensification and track of tropical cyclones may be sensitive to aspects of large-scale forcing, as well as internal mesoscale dynamics. In this presentation, the degree to which the track and intensification of Superstorm Sandy is sensitive to small perturbations to the basic properties of the synoptic-scale, as well as the environment in the immediate vicinity of the storm, is explored. We make use of the Navy's high-resolution mesoscale modeling system COAMPS to provide ensemble forecasts, numerical experiments with and without the assimilation of specific observation types (e.g., satellite, higher frequency radiosonde), and mesoscale nested adjoint sensitivity and observation impact calculations; all of which provide insight into the initial state sensitivity and predictability issues for Hurricane Sandy. The results underscore the importance of multiple scales that influence the predictability of Sandy's track and intensity.
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