Simulation and prediction of Category 4 and 5 hurricanes in the high-resolution GFDL HiFLOR coupled climate model

Friday, 22 April 2016: 11:45 AM
Ponce de Leon C (The Condado Hilton Plaza)
Hiroyuki Murakami, Princeton AOS/GFDL, Princeton, NJ; and G. A. Vecchi, T. L. Delworth, A. T. Wittenberg, S. Underwood, W. Anderson, J. H. Chen, R. Gudgel, L. Harris, S. J. Lin, and F. Zeng

A new high-resolution Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) coupled model (HiFLOR) has been developed and used to investigate potential skill in simulation and prediction of tropical cyclone (TC) activity. HiFLOR comprises of high-resolution (~25-km mesh) atmosphere and land components and a more moderate-resolution (~100-km mesh) sea ice and ocean components. HiFLOR was developed from the Forecast Oriented Low Resolution Ocean model (FLOR) by decreasing the horizontal grid spacing of the atmospheric component from 50-km to 25-km, while leaving most of the sub-gridscale physical parameterizations unchanged. Compared with FLOR, HiFLOR yields a more realistic simulation of the structure, global distribution, and seasonal and interannual variations of TCs, and a comparable simulation of storm-induced cold wakes and TC-genesis modulation induced by the Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO). Moreover, HiFLOR is able to simulate and predict extremely intense TCs (categories 4 and 5) and their interannual variations, which represents the first time a global coupled model has been able to simulate such extremely intense TCs in a multi-century simulation, sea surface temperature restoring simulations,and retrospective seasonal predictions.
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