84th AMS Annual Meeting

Wednesday, 14 January 2004: 9:00 AM
Bayesian Processor of Output for Probabilistic Forecasting of Precipitation Occurrence
Room 602/603
Coire J. Maranzano, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA; and R. Krzysztofowicz
Poster PDF (210.9 kB)
The Bayesian Processor of Output (BPO) is a theoretically-based technique for probabilistic forecasting of weather variates. It processes output from a numerical weather prediction (NWP) model and optimally fuses it with climatic data in order to quantify uncertainty about a predictand. The first version of the BPO is for binary predictands. It is being tested by producing probability of precipitation (PoP) occurrence forecasts for a set of climatically diverse stations in the contiguous U.S. For each station, the PoPs are produced for the same 6-h, 12-h, and 24-h periods up to 84-h ahead for which operational forecasts are produced by the AVN-MOS (Model Output Statistics technique applied to output fields from the Global Spectral Model run under the code name AVN). The inputs into the BPO are estimated as follows. The prior probability is estimated from a climatic sample of the predictand collected during 54 years (April 1949 March 2003); this sample is retrieved from the National Climatic Data Center. The family of the likelihood functions is estimated from a joint sample of the predictor vector and the predictand collected during 4 years (April 1997 March 2001); this sample is retrieved from the same archive that the Meteorological Development Laboratory of the National Weather Service utilized to develop the AVN-MOS system.

This talk will highlight some results from the preliminary testing: a numerical example of the estimation of the BPO, and a comparative verification of the BPO forecasts and the MOS forecasts. It will also outline the evaluation, which will be performed in three stages in order to determine: (i) improvement due to the theoretic structure of the BPO, (ii) improvement due to the use of all climatic data and the optimal fusion of information, and (iii) improvement due to the optimal selection of predictors according to a criterion of informativeness (or sufficiency).

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