Simulation of monsoon intraseasonal oscillations in a coarse resolution aquaplanet GCM

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Thursday, 8 January 2015: 3:45 PM
125AB (Phoenix Convention Center - West and North Buildings)
Boualem Khouider, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada; and A. M. Ravindran and A. J. Majda

The skill of the global climate models (GCMs) to realistically simulate the Monsoon Intraseasonal Oscillations (MISOs) is related to the sensitivity of their convective parameterization schemes. Here, we show that by coupling a simple multicloud parameterization to a coarse resolution aquaplanet GCM, realistic MISOs can be simulated. We conduct three different simulations with a fixed non-homogeneous Sea-Surface Temperature (SST) mimicking the Indian Ocean/Western Pacific warm pool centered at the three latitudes 5N, 10N and 15N, respectively, to replicate the seasonal migration of the Tropical Convergence Zone (TCZ). This results in the generation of mean circulation resembling the monsoonal flow pattern in boreal summer. Succession of eastward propagating Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) disturbances with phase speed, amplitude and structure similar to summer MJOs are simulated when the WP is at 5N. When the WP is located over 10N, northward and eastward propagating MISOs are simulated. This case captures the meridional seesaw of convection between continental and oceanic TCZ observed during boreal summer over south Asia. Westward propagating Rossby-wave like disturbances are simulated when the WP is over 15 N congruous with the synoptic disturbances seen over the monsoon trough. The initiation of intraseasonal oscillations in the model can occur internally through organization of convective events above the WP associated with internal dynamics.