495 Impact of Mesoscale Land–Atmosphere Interactions on Boundary Layer Processes in Arctic Region

Tuesday, 9 January 2018
Exhibit Hall 3 (ACC) (Austin, Texas)
Xiaodong Hong, NRL, Monterey, CA; and S. Wang and J. E. Nachamkin

The impact of mesoscale land-atmosphere interactions on boundary-layer processes in Arctic region is examined using the U.S. Navy Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS©*) with the Noah Land Surface Model (LSM). Initial land surface variables in COAMPS are interpolated from the real-time NASA Land Information System (LIS). The model simulations are configured for three nest grids with 27-9-3 km horizontal resolutions. The simulation period is set for October 2015 with 12-h data assimilation update cycle and 24-h integration length. The results are compared with those simulated without using LSM and evaluated with observations from ONR Sea State R/V Sikuliaq cruise and the North Slope of Alaska (NSA). There are complex soil and vegetation types over the surface for simulation with LSM, compared to without LSM simulation. The results show substantial differences in the vertical transport rate of heat and moisture from the surface into and through the boundary layer between bulk surface scheme and LSM, which may have an important impact on the sea ice evolution over the Arctic region. Evaluations from station data show surface air temperature and relative humidity have smaller biases for simulation using LSM. Diurnal variation of land surface temperature, which is necessary for physical processes of land-atmosphere, is also better captured than without LSM.
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