This presentation will illustrate how students estimate turbulent heat fluxes from a time series of surface weather observations from a campus weather station using the conservation of energy equation. When solving this problem the students are encouraged to consider all of the physical processes that can alter temperature at a fixed location and how these processes are quantified in the energy equation. The students then identify which terms can be estimated from the available observations and which remaining terms can or cannot be neglected. Finally, the students then identify any assumptions required to complete the calculation. After estimating the turbulent heat flux students are then provided with additional observations, including the incoming solar radiative flux, and are asked to assess whether their estimated turbulent heat flux is reasonable.

Following this in class exercise students are then assigned a similar problem as a homework assignment. For the homework problem students are given temperature profile data collected from unmanned aircraft (drones) as part of the instructorâ€™s Antarctic field research. The unmanned aircraft data includes multiple temperature profiles at a fixed location over time and other drone observations taken in a semi-Lagrangian framework. In class discussion after the homework assignment is completed contrasts the assumptions required when using a surface time series of meteorological observations versus those required when using the drone-acquired temperature profiles. Another discussion topic relates to Eulerian versus Lagrangian forms of the energy equation and advantages and disadvantages of each form of the equation.