86 Effect of Aggregated Black Carbon Aging on Their Infrared Absorption and Longwave Radiative Forcing

Monday, 8 January 2018
Exhibit Hall 3 (ACC) (Austin, Texas)
Yu Wu, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; and T. Cheng

Black carbon aerosols affect the shortwave and longwave radiation in climate in a strong yet uncertain way. During aging process, black carbon particles coated by co-emitted aerosols tend to reduce the shortwave radiative forcing of freshly emitted black carbon at the top of atmosphere (TOA), however, this impact still remains unclear in the longwave range. Here we investigate the effect of black carbon aging on their longwave radiative forcing. The freshly emitted black carbon aerosols are simulated to be fractal aggregates consisting of hundreds of small spherical primary particles, and these aggregated black carbon aerosols tend to be fully coated by the large sulfate particles after aging. The optical properties of these freshly emitted and internally mixed black carbon aerosols are simulated using the numerically exact superposition T-matrix method, and their longwave radiative forcing are calculated by the radiative transfer equation solver. The results indicate that the black carbon longwave radiative forcing at TOA is remarkably amplified (up to ~3) by coating the large sulfate particles, while the black carbon shortwave radiative forcing is decreased during their aging. Moreover, the thicker sulfate coatings tend to increase the longwave radiative forcing of black carbon aerosols at TOA. These findings should improve our understanding of the effect of black carbon aging on their longwave radiative forcing and provide guidance for the assessment of climate change.
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