14B.4 Characteristics of Extreme Extratropical Cyclones in a Long Climate Model Simulation

Thursday, 11 January 2018: 11:15 AM
Salon F (Hilton) (Austin, Texas)
Arielle J. Catalano, Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ; and A. J. Broccoli, S. Kapnick, and T. Janoski

In the northeastern United States, many of the strongest impacts from extratropical cyclones (ETCs) are associated with storms that exhibit slow movement, unusual tracks, or exceptional intensity. Owing to the rare nature of these events, it is difficult to quantify the associated risks (e.g. high winds, storm surge) given the limited duration of high-quality observational datasets. Furthermore, storms with even greater impacts than those observed may be possible. In the context of tropical cyclones, Lin and Emanuel (2016) have used the metaphor “grey swans” to refer to high-impact events that have not been observed but may be physically possible. One method for analyzing “grey swans” is to generate a larger sample of ETCs using a coupled climate model. Therefore, we use long simulations (over 1,000 years with atmospheric constituents fixed at 1990 levels) from a global climate model (GFDL FLOR) with 50km atmospheric resolution. FLOR has been shown to realistically simulate the spatial distribution and climatology of ETCs during the reanalysis era. We will discuss the climatological features of these extreme ETC events.
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