The current operational USAF LIS environment employs the Noah land surface model (LSM) version 3.6.1. The configuration is being updated to include two new land surface models, Noah- multiparameterization (Noah-MP) LSM and the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) LSM. Noah-MP provides improved representations of the subsurface soil moisture through formulations of conceptual groundwater modules instead of the free drainage concept in Noah3.6. In this presentation, the impact of the improved subsurface formulations on soil moisture assimilation will be examined. The presentation will also describe the impact of assimilating both passive and active soil moisture remote sensing retrievals from sensors such as ASCAT and SMAP. The impact of assimilation on soil moisture and other land surface variables will evaluated by comparing to a large suite of available reference datasets.