3B.4 Increased Atmospheric Ammonia over the World’s Major Agricultural Areas Detected from Space

Monday, 8 January 2018: 11:15 AM
Room 18CD (ACC) (Austin, Texas)
J. X. Warner, Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD; and Z. Wei, R. R. Dickerson, L. L. Strow, Y. Wang, and Q. Liang

This study provides evidence of substantial increases in atmospheric ammonia (NH ) concentrations (14year) over several of the worlds major agricultural regions, using recently available retrievals from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) aboard NASA's Aqua satellite. The main sources of atmospheric NH are farming and animal husbandry involving reactive nitrogen ultimately derived from fertilizer use; rates of emission are also sensitive to climate change. Significant increasing trends are seen over the US (2.61% yr-1 ), the European Union (EU) (1.83% yr-1), and China (2.27% yr-1). Over the EU, the trend results from decreased scavenging by acid aerosols. Over the US, the increase results from a combination of decreased chemical loss and increased soil temperatures. Over China, decreased chemical loss, increasing temperatures, and increased fertilizer use all play a role. Over South Asia, increased NH3 emissions are masked by increased SO2 and NOx emissions, leading to increased aerosol loading and adverse health effects.
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