S53 Using Multiple Metrics to Analyze Trends and Sensitivity of Climate Variability in New York City

Sunday, 7 January 2018
Exhibit Hall 5 (ACC) (Austin, Texas)
Jiehao Huang, NOAA CREST, Brooklyn, NY; and J. Booth and K. L. Towey

As the overall temperature of Earth continues to warm, changes in the Earth’s climate are being observed through extreme weather events, such as heavy precipitation events and heat waves. This study examines the daily precipitation and temperature record of the greater New York City region during the 1979-2014 period. Daily station observations from three greater New York City airports: John F. Kennedy (JFK), LaGuardia (LGA) and Newark (EWR), are used in this study. Multiple statistical metrics are used in this study to analyze trends and variability in temperature and precipitation in the greater New York City region. The temperature climatology reveals a distinct seasonal cycle, while the precipitation climatology exhibits greater day-to-day variability. Two types of thresholds are used to examine the variability of extreme events: extreme threshold and daily anomaly threshold. The extreme threshold indicates how the strength of the overall maximum is changing whereas the daily anomaly threshold indicates if the strength of the daily maximum is changing over time. We observed an increase in the frequency of anomalous daily precipitation and temperature events over the last 36 years. Both intensity and frequency of extreme precipitation events are the greatest during the months of late summer through early fall, with approximately four expected extreme events occurring per year during the summer and fall. For temperature, the greatest frequency and variation in temperature anomalies occur during winter and spring. In addition, temperature variance is also analyzed to determine if there is greater day-to-day temperature variability today than in the past.
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