Thursday, 27 January 2011
Washington State Convention Center
The two-way coupling of WRF and CAM for regional climate modeling requires transferring data (such as wind velocities, temperature, moisture, etc.) between the grids of WRF and CAM. These grids are in general non-matching, and the data transfer should be both physical conservative and numerically accurate. Our method contains two parts: the common refinement and the L-2 minimization. The former computes the grid intersections and provides the necessary data structures for the latter. We project the grids of WRF and CAM onto a plain surface using their corresponding map projection methods (such as Lambert conformal projection, Mercator projection, polar stereographic projection, etc.). Then common refinement method will locate the edge intersection points of two grids, and determine sub-facets to create a new mesh based on the union of the intersection points and vertices of the original two grids within the overlapping area. After obtaining the common refinement mesh, we use a weighted-residual formulation, which minimizes the L-2 norm of the error, to complete the data transfer. The L-2 minimization method satisfies physical conservation and at the same time is as accurate as interpolation, and noise resistant, which is critical for coupling models of multiple scales.
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