18th Conference on Weather and Forecasting, 14th Conference on Numerical Weather Prediction, and Ninth Conference on Mesoscale Processes

Monday, 30 July 2001
Global 3D variational analysis on physical space
Wan-Shu Wu, NOAA/NWS/NCEP, Washington, DC; and R. J. Purser
Poster PDF (65.5 kB)
Current practices of 3D variational analysis in many operational centers are constructed in spectral space, which has the advantage that the statistics of background error, both structure and amplitude, can be easily obtained and applied in the analysis procedure. However, with background error defined in spectral space, one has little control over the spatial variation of the error statistics. Recent developments of spatially recursive filters enable the construction of a variational analysis in physical space which allows more degrees of freedom in defining the error statistics adaptively and in the control of multi-variate relations.

The multi-variate design between the analysis variables of mass and wind is a challenge. Since the variables are defined in physical space it is not easy to apply the linear balance operator, which involves the inverse of the Laplacian. Yet, the relation between the mass field and the stream function is at least linear, so that a statistical relations between the two is possible and can be latitude dependent.

The choice of analysis variables, application of fat-tailed error spectra, and definition and estimation of the scales of the structure functions are discussed. Scores of anomaly correlation and tropical vector wind error of global data assimilation results are compared between using this experimental 3D Var and the operational Spectral Statistical-Interpolation in NCEP.

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